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Ammonium Nitrate
  • 2016-11-29 15:44:56
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  Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound, the nitrate salt of the ammonium cation.It has the chemical formula NH4NO3, simplified to N2H4O3. It is a white crystal solid and is highly soluble in water. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer.Its other major use is as a component of explosive mixtures used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction. It is the major constituent of ANFO, a popular industrial explosive which accounts for 80% of explosives used in North America; similar formulations have been used in improvised explosive devices. Many countries are phasing out its use in consumer applications due to concerns over its potential for misuse.


  Ammonium nitrate is found as a natural mineral (ammonia nitre—the ammonium analogue of saltpetre and other nitre minerals such as sodium nitrate) in the driest regions of the Atacama Desert in Chile, often as a crust on the ground and/or in conjunction with other nitrate,chlorate,iodate,and halide minerals.Ammonium nitrate was mined there in the past, but virtually 100% of the chemical now used is synthetic.

Related Readings: NH4NO3 Ammonium Nitrate  Ammonium Nitrate Granular

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